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Autistic Spectrum Disorder

What is an Autistic Spectrum Disorder?

Autistic Spectrum Disorder is an umbrella term used to describe the group of Pervasive Developmental Disorders that begin in childhood and continue in to adulthood. Autistic Spectrum Disorder will affect the way an individual understands and perceives their world, whilst affecting their communication and the way in which they can relate to people around them.

Disorders classed as an Autistic Spectrum Disorder include:

The four main areas that individuals with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder will have problems with include:

  • Social interaction - the individual may:
    • Appear to be aloof
    • Have no interest in other people
    • Have no friends
    • Prefer to be alone
    • Have difficulty understanding others emotions
  • Verbal and non-verbal communication - speech normally develops later, with language often developing incorrectly. Individuals may experience the following difficulties:
    • Difficulty expressing themselves
    • Unable to understand ges