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Occupational Therapy for Autism

Occupational Therapy for Autism is concerned with the assessment and development of a variety of skills that will enhance the individual's ability to learn and function. These skills include:

  • Gross motor skills, such as walking, running, climbing, jumping and catching a ball.
  • Fine motor skills, such as picking up small objects, buttoning a shirt, reaching and handwriting.
  • Cognitive and perceptual skills, such as attention span, memory, social interaction and stamina.
  • Self-care skills such as feeding, toileting and dressing.
  • Sensory integration skills. Sensory integration aims to help the child interact with the environment better.
  • coping skills, such as helping the child to regulate their own behaviour
OT gross motor task

OT gross motor task

Occupational Therapy treatment will begin with an evaluation of the individual's functioning in a variety of age-appropriate performance areas of life tasks. Interventions will then be formulated to target any affected skills.

Occupational Therapy will aim to use games and purposeful activities in a fun and encouraging manner to enhance, motivate, improve, maintain and restore skill development. It can also offer any creative modifications, adaptations and relevant assistive devices if required.

Occupational therapists will use a variety of treatment approaches including play, developmental and learning theories, behavioural interventions, sensory integration and models of occupational performance amongst others. The choice of interventions will depend upon the specific needs on the individual. To enable the child to become as independent as possible, the occupational therapist will provid