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Asperger Syndrome

What is Asperger Syndrome?

Asperger Syndrome is a Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) and is a part of the autistic spectrum. Asperger Syndrome is often described as a less severe and higher-functioning form of autism.

Asperger Syndrome is a disability which lasts throughout an individual's life. Asperger Syndrome is characterised by difficulties in three main areas, including:

  • Social interaction
  • Social imagination
  • Social communication

The characteristics will vary amongst individuals with Asperger Syndrome; however, the three areas above encompass the main difficulties. In addition, individuals with Asperger Syndrome may have sensory, motor and organisational difficulties.

It is also common for individuals with Asperger Syndrome to have learning difficulties including Dyslexia. Additional difficulties such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Epilepsy and Dyspraxia may also be experienced.

Individuals with Asperger syndrome share many of the difficulties seen in Autism, however, unlike individuals with Autism those with Asperger Syndrome will usually have average (or above) IQ, and few problems with their speech.

The exact cause of Asperger Syndrome is not known, and there is no known way to prevent it. It has been found to have a tendency to run in families, which has led to research being carried out with regard to genetic links. Boys have been reported to have Asperger Syndrome four times more than girls.

With appropriate support, advice and intervention individuals with Asperger Syndrome often lead full independent lifestyles.

Social Communication Difficulties

Individuals with Asperger Syndrome often find it difficult to